The idea of linking ‘neighbourhood’ to urban planning dates back to 1915 when a Mr Robert E. Park and a Mr E. W. Burgess introduced the idea that ‘neighbours’, the people who live and work in an area, could have ideas, and should have an input, into the development of the built world around them.
Fast forward to April 2012, and David Cameron decided that sounded like a mighty fine idea. Cue the Localism Act and the launch of his ‘Big Society’ to devolve power to local government and to give communities a stronger voice.
Government wanted people to be able to: “choose where (you) want new homes, shops and offices to be built, have (your) say on what… they should look like ”
Arundel was quick to take up Mr Cameron’s challenge. In 2014, Arundel delivered its first Neighbourhood Plan for the period from 2014-2029, with a stated aim to make: “a good place better, building on good things, using brownfield sites rather than releasing greenfield, promoting sustainable travel and protecting the town from further flood risks.”
The redevelopment of the Bevin & Bevin brewery site, between Tarrant Street and River Road, emerged from this first process along with several other site schemes yet to be started (including the former Gas Works site on Ford Road, Castle Stables and the Blastreat/Greenhurst site on Fitzalan Road). You can read more about the 2014 plan here: https://www.arun.gov.uk/arundel-neighbourhood-development-plan/.
However, in 2018, those involved in drawing up that first plan felt a review was needed because:
Arundel representatives and residents including some who had steered ANP1 shared their experience and knowledge of the process to build on what had been achieved with ANP1. Former mayor, and previous ANP chair, James Stewart agreed to run ANP2.
The ANP2 Steering Group welcomed representatives from across Arundel, including schools, churches, residents, businesses, Town Council and attractions.
“We know why many people choose to live in, work in and visit Arundel,” says James Stewart. “Arundel’s key strengths are the community spirit, its location on the Downs, straddling the river Arun and close to the sea and finally its heritage mixed with contemporary culture.
“However, it is easy to see the town through ‘rose tinted’ glasses, to only see the positives and thus not appreciate the need for change,” says James Stewart.
As part of the consultation process, three working groups were set up to find out what Arundel folk want. These groups were drawn from three areas of town: Torton Hill (South of A27), Town Centre (largely the Old Town conservation area) and Riverside (River Road & Fitzalan Road).
Each group was asked, over three meetings, to delve into four subjects; social infrastructure, connectivity, economy, housing.
“The workshops and focus groups underlined what we already knew,” explains James Stewart. “There are areas which can be improved upon. Parking, a shortage of affordable housing, and a concern that Arundel is no longer the important market town it was.”
Whether it’s the evening view from your flat or open land behind your house or business, preserving and protecting the space around us matters. Any development is therefore a balancing act between competing views.
Throughout the ANP2 process, the steering groups asked residents for their views to create a plan that provides the new homes required within the physical constraints on Arundel (flood zones and available land).
A significant, vocal majority campaigned against the ANP2, but at referendum, with a turnout of 35%, 80% supported the plan.
It certainly does in Arundel! A 2012 Housing Needs Survey highlighted the need for more affordable housing in Arundel. These findings fed into ANP1 and were updated by Arundel Town Council in 2020.
‘Affordable’ rent is defined, by the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF), as no more than 80% of market rates. ANP2 went further, with the objective to provide ‘truly’ affordable housing at ‘social rent’, which is 50%-60% of market rates, and a small number of shared ownership homes.
This is part of the plan for the Ford Road development, and to ensure this happens, the ANP2 steering group is working closely with the former Gas Work site owner.
The Arundel Community Land Trust (CLT) has also been set up to make sure more affordable housing becomes a reality, with priority given to those with existing links to town. You can read more about the Arundel CLT here.
The ANP2’s vision statement, key objectives and land use policies can run from 2018 to 2031.
Main housing policies include:
Other polices include:
Policies from ANP1 that still apply include:
No, not by law. There is no legal requirement for communities in England to submit one, however, not having a neighbourhood plan leaves communities vulnerable to unwanted development.
Under the Arun District Council (ADC) local plan, thousands of new homes are needed every year for the next 20 years.
Within this plan, large ‘strategic sites’ (500 or more homes) are detailed. However, ‘non-strategic site’ developments in parishes outside main towns are not specifically covered.
This means that without an Arundel Neighbourhood Plan, ADC will decide on housing plan applications.
With ANP2 in place, ADC planning inspectors can use Arundel’s plan when making decisions, providing greater protection for Arundel. This was seen when the planning inspector stated that ANP2 was a deciding factor in the decision to refuse development of 47 retirement flats on the Blastreat/Greenhurst site.
You can find out more about Neighbourhood Plans here: www.gov.uk/guidance/neighbourhood-planning–2
For more detailed information, you can also read:
Details of ANP2 are also available on the SDNPA website.
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